H3D HBD Metal 3D Printers and Materials: Overview

Anabelle Yearsdon
by Anabelle Yearsdon
Updated Oct 14, 2022 1765

In this article, we will tell you about SLM 3D printers and related materials from the China-based HBD company, also known as H3D HBD. Discover what models are available in the lineup, their specs and features, as well as in which industries they are utilized.

To learn more about the manufacturer and examine application cases, read the following article.

 

HBD-150

HBD-150 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 200W
Layer thickness 10–40 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Cobalt-chrome alloy, Tool steel, Titanium alloy, High-temperature alloy, Hastelloy, some precious metals

HBD-150 and 150D metal 3D printers are widely used in medicine, particularly for dental and orthopedic applications, including 3D printing of implants and surgical instruments, rapid prototyping, education and research. Designed primarily for printing of dentures, crowns, and jaw implants, the HBD-150D modification is equipped with two 200W lasers. Both models feature a compact build volume which allows printing small to medium items as a whole or smaller objects in batches.

 

Industry applications

Dentistry: 50%

Education: 30%

Implantation: 20%

 

HBD-200

HBD-200 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 200W×2
Layer thickness 10–40 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Cobalt-chrome alloy, Tool steel, Titanium alloy, High-temperature alloy, Hastelloy, some precious metals

The HBD-200 is equipped with two fiber lasers and a dual galvanometer increasing its productivity and accuracy. The printer features a long build platform of 270 mm with a rather low height of the build chamber, which significantly reduces its cost, providing the possibility to build fairly large parts of small height.

 

Industry applications

Dentistry: 40%

Orthopedics: 30%

Prototypes: 20%

Education: 10%

 

HBD-350

HBD-350 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 500W
Layer thickness 20–120 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Tool steel, Aluminum alloy

The HBD-350 is available in single and dual-laser configurations and features an efficient and reliable powder feeding system. Engineered with a closed automatic powder circulation system, it ensures a high safety level and control of the printing process. The unique multi-stage purification system of the HBD-350 meets the continuous production requirements and is suitable for 3D printing of press and injection molds, aerospace parts, automotive components, etc.

 

Industry applications

Spare parts: 30%

Aviation: 30%

Molds: 10%

Aerospace: 10%

Machine building: 20%

 

HBD-E500

HBD-E500 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 500W×2 / 500W×3
Layer thickness 30–100 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Cobalt-chrome alloy, Tool steel, Titanium alloy, High-temperature alloy, Aluminum alloy, Hastelloy, some refractory metals like Tungsten and Tantalum

Depending on the version, the HBD-E500 can be equipped with up to three lasers, featuring an intelligent powder recoating monitoring system. The printer can print large, high-quality and precise parts for the most demanding industrial and aerospace applications. The HBD-E500 is used to print unique products based on generative design and topological optimization, which allows producing lightweight parts maintaining their strength properties while reducing material consumption.

 

Industry applications

Spare parts: 25%

Aviation: 20%

Aerospace: 25% 

Machine building: 20%

Automotive: 10%

 

HBD-1000

HBD-1000 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 500W×4 / 1000W×4
Layer thickness 30–120 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Cobalt-chrome alloy, Tool steel, Titanium alloy, High-temperature alloy, Aluminum alloy, Hastelloy, some refractory metals like Tungsten and Tantalum

One of the most productive H3D HBD 3D printers, the HBD-1000 can be equipped with four 1000W or 500W lasers and features a closed automatic powder circulation system, an independent long-term multi-stage purification system, and integrated post-processing unit. The machine boasts a large build chamber making it suitable for almost any manufacturing industry, from aircraft to automotive.

 

Industry applications

Aerospace: 60%

Aviation: 30%

Other: 10%

 

HBD-1200

HBD-1200 3D Printer
Galvo system SCANLAB
Laser power 500W×2 / 1000W×2
Layer thickness 20–120 μm
Oxygen content ≤100 PPM
Printable materials Stainless steel, Cobalt-chrome alloy, Tool steel, Titanium alloy, High-temperature alloy, Aluminum alloy, Hastelloy, some refractory metals like Tungsten and Tantalum

The HBD-1200 is designed to print models of up to 460 x 460 x 1500 mm, which allows building large structural metal parts for aerospace, aviation, and heavy engineering. With one of the largest build chambers among metal 3D printers, the HBD-1200 meets all the basic needs of the aerospace and aviation industries. The device is available in two versions — with two 500W or 1000W lasers.

 

Industry applications

Aerospace: 80%

Aviation: 20%

 

Materials

 

Aluminum alloy AlSi10Mg

Aluminum powder pre-alloyed with silicon and magnesium has good casting properties and high strength and is used for printing thin walls and complex structures.

 

Stainless steel 316L

316L austenitic stainless steel has high strength and corrosion resistance, withstands wide-range low temperatures, and its overall performance is better than that of 310 and 304 steel. It also features good erosion resistance against chlorine compounds.

 

Nickel alloy Ni718

Ni718 is a nickel-based superalloy in a powder form with good aging resistance and high tensile and breaking strength, even at temperatures up to 700 °C. It has excellent corrosion resistance in a variety of aggressive environments.

 

Titanium alloy Ti6AlV4

Titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy is characterized by high mechanical properties and good biocompatibility. Among other applications, it is used in medicine for 3D printing of endoprostheses.

 

Cobalt-chromium CoCr alloy

An original mixture of pre-alloyed powders, designed for printing parts with cobalt-chromium-molybdenum superalloy. The alloy is characterized by excellent mechanical properties as well as corrosion and heat resistance. It is used for various purposes, for example, 3D printing of dental crowns.

 

Maraging (martensitic-aging) steel

Maraging steel is a powdered martensitic hardened steel of high strength, toughness and ductility which is easily processed. The hardness of printed parts after heat hardening does not exceed 55 HRC. It is used where other high-strength steels and alloys are too brittle due to their higher hardness.

 

Bottom line

H3D HBD provides complete metal 3D printing solutions, offering not only high-end SLM 3D printers with various build volumes and smart features, but also metal powders with different compositions and final part properties, meeting all the requirements of industrial metal 3D printing.

The cost-efficiency and high quality of HBD products are proved by numerous industrial companies which have purchased more than 500 company’s SLM 3D printers. Learn more about the application cases from this article.

FAQ

Which HBD machine has the largest build volume?
The HBD-1200 has the build volume of 460 x 460 x 1500 mm. Another large-scale SLM 3D printer, the HBD-1000, features the build chamber size of 600 x 600 x 1000 mm. Both machines are capable of continuous printing of high-quality metal parts and are widely used in the aerospace and aviation industries as well as for other large-scale applications.
Does HBD produce multi-laser systems?
Most HBD metal 3D printers come in different configurations including one or more lasers with various power options. The most powerful version of the HBD-1000 can be equipped with four 1000W lasers.
What are the most used metal powders for dentistry?
HBD produces high-quality metal powders for a wide range of industrial applications. In digital dentistry, titanium alloy Ti6AlV4 and cobalt-chrome-molybdenum alloy are most often used due to their biocompatibility, good mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance.
Anabelle Yearsdon
Anabelle Yearsdon
Updated Oct 14, 2022
About the expert
A linguist by profession and 3D enthusiast by passion. Spirited researcher of existing and new AM technologies, inquisitive tester of various devices, and a true connoisseur of creative ways. In addition to digital manufacturing, Ana enjoys learning new things, cooking for her loved ones, and chilling in video games.

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